Afriška prašičja kuga

Risk-assessment of the introduction of African swine fever virus into domestic pig holdings

CRP V4 - 2039



General Data


Member of UL

Veterinary faculty


Name of the leading partner

Veterinary faculty, UL  


Leading partner  

Project code/Project No.

CRP V4 - 2039  

Project Title

Risk-assessment of the introduction of African swine fever virus into domestic pig holdings  

Project period

1.4.2021 - 31.3.2023  

Yearly sum of FTE

0,2 FTE  


Assoc. prof. dr. Marina Štukelj  

Scientific field

Veterinary medicine  



Project phases

  • PP1: state and evaluation of implementation of biosecurity measures on Slovenian pig farms
  • PP2: risk analysis for ASF introduction/transmission and directives for competent authorities for adjustments of protective measures
  • PP3: establishment of guidelines for biosecurity measures on commercial, non-commercial and outdoor pig farms and guidelines for biosecurity control for competent authorities
  • PP4: raising awareness and education of pig breeders


Project description

We want to investigate the probability of African swine fever (ASF) virus being transmitted to domestic pig holdings with the most accomplished research approach. Based on these findings, we will prepare a list of biosecurity measures for owners of commercial pig farms (CPF), non-commercial pig farms (NPF) and outdoor pig farms (OPF).

Forty-five pig farms' biosecurity measures will be evaluated with Biocheck.UGent (BUG) questionnaire. All types of pig farms (CPF, NPF, OPF) will be evaluated. 
The aim of first project phase (PP1) is to assess and evaluate the biosecurity level on Slovenian pig farms with BUG questionnaire.

Assessment of biosecurity level will also be based on data collected with »pig categorization system« implemented in 2021 with document entitled Order on the systematic monitoring of animal health status, disease eradication programmes and vaccination in 2021 (Uradni list RS, št. 197/20).

Data analysis and statistical analysis will be performed with the R-commander software tool (R Development Core Team). Results of analyses will help determining the risk for ASF introduction into individual pig farm.

Analysis of wild boar population density based on annual hunting reports around the farm areas will provide the insight to direct risk of ASF transmission from feral to domestic pigs.

PP2 will cover analysis of results from PP1 based on previously established farm categories (CPF, NPF, OPF) and determine in which of these categories biosecurity is the lowest and therefore the risk for ASF introduction is the highest. Statistical analyses and comparison between the categories will be the cornerstone for further guidelines aiming to prevent the disease introduction. Risk assessment will be done for every individual farm. Farms with the highest risk for transmission from feral pig population will receive special treatment to prevent that transmission from happening. Research based guidelines will be set for competent authorities for surveillance and implementation of protective measures against ASF. 

Based on every biosecurity assessment on all farms, BUG questionnaire results and results from the Order 2021, a standard farm biosecurity protocol guidelines will be established (PP3). 

Different lectures and educational courses and discussion of Slovenian farm biosecurity level results will be prepared and presented to the farm owners in different regions of Slovenia. Results and literature with biosecurity measure plans for all types of farms will be available on Veterinary faculty website (PP4).


Structure of the project group

  • Marina Štukelj
  • Irena Golinar Oven
  • Jan Plut
  • Tadej Malovrh
  • Gorazd Vengušt
  • Tanja Knific