Institute of Pathology, Wild Animals, Fish and Bees


Gerbičeva 60, 1000 Ljubljana

tel.: +386 (0)1 47 79 155

fax.: +386 (0)1 28 34 091


  • Employees

    doc. dr. Mitja Gombač, dr. vet. med., predstojnik in asistent mitja.gombac@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 149, 01 47 79 155
    doc. dr. Tanja Švara, dr. vet. med., asistentka, namestnica predstojnika tanja.svara@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 152; 01 47 79 155
    znan. svet. dr. Vesna Cerkvenik Flajs, univ. dipl. kem., namestnica predstojnika vesna.cerkvenik.flajs@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 841, 01 47 79 155
    izr. prof. dr. Polona Juntes, dr. vet. med., učitelj polona.juntes@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 153, 01 47 79 155; E-mail gsm.: 040 398 311
    asist. Tamara Dolenšek, dr. vet. med., asistentka tamara.dolensek@vf.uni-lj.si, tel.: 01 47 79 150, 01 47 79 155
    Benjamin Cerk, vet. teh. benjamin.cerk@vf.uni-lj.si, tel.: 01 47 79 156, 01 47 79 155
    Stanka Galuf, vet. teh., dipl. ekon. stanka.galuf@vf.uni-lj.si, tel.: 01 47 79 155
    Vilma Lindner, vet. teh. vilma.lindner@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 360, 01 47 79 155
    Irena Mubi, vet. teh. irena.mubi@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 360, 01 47 79 155
    Jurij Omahen, vet. teh. jurij.omahen@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 156, 01 47 79 155
    External Coworkers
    red. prof. dr. Milan Pogačnik, dr. vet. med., učitelj milan.pogacnik@vf.uni-lj.si tel.: 01 47 79 148, 01 47 79 155 gsm.: 041 613 611
    red. prof. dr. Emil Erjavec Univerza v Ljubljani, Biotehniška fakulteta

  • Unit Activity

    The Unit of Pathology and the Unit of Forensic and Administration Medicine, Epidemiology and Economics, operate in the context of the Institute of Pathology, Forensic and Administrative Veterinary Medicine (IPSUV).
    The work of the Unit of Pathology is performed in two laboratories: the Laboratory for Pathoanatomical Diagnosis and the Laboratory for Pathohistology. The Laboratory of Forensic Toxicology and Ecotoxicology is part of the Unit of Forensic and Administrative Veterinary Medicine, Epidemiology and Economics.
    IPSUV carries out educational, scientific research, professional-operational and development activities in the fields of pathology, epidemiology, veterinary economics, forensic and administrative veterinary medicine, as well as forensic toxicology and ecotoxicology.
    In the professional-operational field, in addition to other professional activities, the Institute performs some of the activities of the National Veterinary Institute and is responsible for the National Reference Laboratory for Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE), and collaborates in the work of the National Reference Laboratory for bivalve mollusc diseases.

  • Education

    Undergraduate Studies – Uniform Master’s Degree Programme 2nd Stage Veterinary Medicine

    1.1. Patologija

    Subject Head: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Polona Juntes

    Colleagues: Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač, Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara

    General pathology: In general pathology students learn basic pathological processes (internal and external adverse factors, ultra-structural changes, regressive changes, progressive processes, circulatory disorders, infections, neoplasms, disorders in development – teratology, basic immunopathology).

    Special pathology: In special pathology students learn about more frequent pathological changes in individual organ systems in individual species. An important part of this course is practical work in the dissection room and microscopy (pathohistology).

    1.2. Administrative and Forensic Veterinary Medicine

    Subject Head: Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač

    External Colleague: Prof. Dr. Milan Pogačnik

    Administrative Veterinary Medicine: Acquainting students with the organisation of the veterinary profession in the EU and Slovenia, and the meaning and development of veterinary medicine in society, systems for preventing the emergence of, and for suppressing and eradicating, animal diseases, and with the law on the protection of animals and epidemiological methods of treatment of animal diseases.
    Forensic Veterinary Medicine: In the field of forensic veterinary medicine, students are acquainted with the contents of the Obligation Acts, the Criminal Code, the Law on Administrative Offences, warranty, contract, liability and forensic assessment of individual animal infectious and non-infectious diseases and basic veterinary issues of ethics and deontology.

    1.3. Economics of Veterinary Activities

    Subject Head: Prof. Dr. Emil Erjavec

    The purpose of this subject is to acquaint students with the role and responsibilities of veterinary activities in the economy and the principles of the modern composition of veterinary services and veterinary practices, familiarisation with the operation of economic laws in the veterinary field, acquaintance with the theory of production, macro and micro economic aspects of animal and human health; acquaintance with methods of assessment of damage caused by animal diseases and with modern epidemiological and economic planning methods of the health care of animals, and methods of the economic viability of these programmes.

    1.4. Pathomorphologic Practicum (elective subject)

    Subject Head: Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara

    Colleague: Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač

    In this subject students improve their practical knowledge of pathology through additional general and special pathology in the area of diagnosis of organic and infectious diseases in various species of animals. By practical work, students become familiar with the use of laboratory diagnostic methods.

    1.5. Veterinary Proficiency (elective subject)

    Subject Head: Prof. Dr. Milan Pogačnik

    Colleagues: Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač, Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara

    The subject of veterinary proficiency acquaints students with the methods and procedures for dealing with complex cases of case law arising from damage caused by animals to humans, to objects, and to other animals, as well as examples of case law which are dealt with as crimes or offences in which veterinarians can be involved in their professional work. The subject also covers court cases in which veterinarians are involved as experts or expert witnesses.

    1.6. Ecotoxicology in Veterinary Medicine (elective subject)

    The Subject Head will be announced in due course

    The objectives of this subject are to familiarise students with the causes, consequences and methods for detecting the causes of poisoning due to contamination of the environment with chemicals or medicines. Students will be acquainted with the execution of various tests in order to determine the type or group of chemicals or medicines used.

    Postgraduate Studies

    2. 1. University Postgraduate Study of Biomedicine

    Teachers from the Institute are involved in carrying out the University Postgraduate Study of Biomedicine in the following subjects:

    2.1. 1. Core Subjects

    The core subject ‘Regulation of Processes in Healthy and Sick Animals (VI-700), Module 2, entitled ‘Regulation of Processes in Animals on the Basis of Diagnostic Parameters’.
    This subject addresses the underlying causes of disorders and fundamental pathophysiological processes in organisms, the knowledge of which is the basis for understanding the development, implementation of clinical diagnosis and therapy of various diseases. It complements and builds on the content of other core subjects and enables students, using the knowledge acquired of morphological changes in organs, tissues and cells, to recognise the abnormal functioning of organisms, as well as giving them the knowledge that contributes to a better understanding of the response of organisms in the disease process. Dealing with interconnection of biochemical parameters, which are evaluated by the working of the liver, kidney, muscles, gastrointestinal tract, further evaluation of the metabolism of minerals and electrolytes, evaluation of acid-base equilibrium, processes of change in animals associated with the risk of dietary intake of harmful substances, especially of pathogenic microorganisms, mycotoxins, natural toxic substances, dietary supplements and radionuclides, and their regulation.
    Izvajalci?: Azra Pogačnik (Subject Head), Marinka Drobnič-Košorok, Vojteh Cestnik, Robert Frangež, Gregor Majdič, Milka Vrecl, Nina Čebulj-Kadunc, Jelka Zabavnik Piano, Milan Pogačnik, Breda Jakovac Strajn, Polona Juntes, Anton Vengušt, Martina Klinkon.

    2. 1. 2. Elective Subject

    V-3-778, Special Veterinary Pathology

    Izvajalci : Polona Juntes – Subject Head, Milan Pogačnik

    V-3-795, Veterinary Diagnostics -Cytopathology

    Izvajalci: Polona Juntes – Subject Head, Martina Klinkon Ogrinec

    V-2-740, Animals in Experiments

    Izvajalci: Milan Pogačnik – Subject Head

    V-3-792, Morphometric Analysis of Cells and Tissues

    Izvajalci: Milka Vrecl – Subject Head, Azra Pogačnik, Gregor Fazarinc, Robert Frangež, Polona Juntes, Jelka Zabavnik Piano

    V-3-790, Cito – and Histochemistry (analytical, enzyme, immune, in situ)

    Izvajalci: Gregor Fazarinc – Subject Head, Azra Pogačnik, Polona Juntes, Milka Vrecl, Jelka Zabavnik Piano

    2. 2.  University Postgraduate Study Environmental Care

    Teachers involved in carrying out the elective subject ‘University Postgraduate Study of Environmental Care’

    3BVF.3, Infectious Animal Diseases and the Environment

    Izvajalca: Milan Pogačnik, Peter Hostnik

    Permanent and Lifelong Education

    Working group for pathology – Actual Pathology in the Republic of Slovenia

    Leader of the working group: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Polona Juntes

    Undergraduate Studies

    Pathology

    Subject Head: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Polona Juntes

    Colleagues: Assist. Dr. Mitja Gombač, Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara

    General Pathology: In the subject of General Pathology students are familiarised with basic pathological processes (internal and external adverse factors, ultra-structural changes, regressive changes, progressive processes, circulatory disorders, inflammations, neoplasms, disorders in development – teratology, basic immunopathology).

    Special Pathology: In special pathology students learn about more frequent pathological changes in individual organ systems in individual species. An important part of this course is practical work in the dissection room and microscopy (pathohistology).

    Administrative and Forensic Veterinary Medicine

    Subject Head: Prof. Dr. Milan Pogačnik

    Colleague: Assist. Dr. Mitja Gombač

    Administrative Veterinary Medicine: Acquaints students with the organisation of the veterinary profession in the EU and Slovenia, and the meaning and development of veterinary medicine in society, systems for preventing the emergence of, and for suppressing and eradicating, animal diseases, and with the law on the protection of animals and epidemiological methods of treatment of animal diseases.
    Forensic Veterinary Medicine: In the field of forensic veterinary medicine students are acquainted with the contents of the law regarding ?Obligatory Conditions?, the Criminal Code, the Law on Administrative Offences, warranty, contract, liability and forensic assessment of individual animal infectious and non-infectious diseases and basic veterinary issues of ethics and deontology.
    Sodno veterinarstvo: Na področju sodnega veterinarstva se študenti seznanijo z vsebino zakona o obligacijskih razmerjih, kazenskim zakonikom, zakonom o prekrških, jamstvom, pogodbo, odgovornostjo in forenzično presojo posameznih živalskih kužnih in nekužnih bolezni ter z osnovnimi vprašanji veterinarske etike in deontologije.

    Economics of Veterinary Activities

    Subject Head: Prof. Dr. Emil Erjavec

    The purpose of this subject is to acquaint students with the role and responsibilities of veterinary activities in the economy and the principles of the modern composition of veterinary services and veterinary practices, familiarisation with the operation of economic laws in the veterinary field, acquaintance of the theory of production, macro and micro economic aspects of animal and human health; acquaintance with methods of assessment of damage caused by animal diseases and with modern epidemiological and economic planning methods of the health care of animals, and methods of the economic viability of these programmes.

    Pathomorphologic Practicum (elective subject)

    Subject Head: Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara

    Colleague: Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač

    In this subject students improve their practical knowledge of pathology through additional general and special pathology in the area of diagnosis of organic and infectious diseases in various species of animals. By practical work, students become familiar with the use of laboratory diagnostic methods.

    Veterinary Proficiency (elective subject)

    Subject Head: Prof. Dr. Milan Pogačnik

    Colleagues: Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač, Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara

    The subject of veterinary proficiency acquaints students with the methods and procedures for dealing with complex cases of case law arising from damage caused by animals to humans, to objects, and to other animals, as well as examples of case law which are dealt with as crimes or offences in which veterinarians can be involved in their professional work. The subject also covers court cases in which veterinarians are involved as experts or expert witnesses.

    Ecotoxicology in Veterinary Medicine (elective subject)

    The Subject Head will be announced in due course

    The objectives of this subject are to familiarise students with the causes, consequences and methods for detecting the causes of poisoning due to contamination of the environment with chemicals or medicines. Students will be acquainted with the execution of various tests in order to determine the type or group of chemicals or medicines used.

    Postgraduate Studies

    2. 1. University Postgraduate Study of Biomedicine

    Univerzitetni podiplomski študij Varstvo okolja

    Učitelj sodeluje pri izvajanju univerzitetnega podiplomskega študija Varstvo okolja pri izbirnem predmetu:

    3BVF.3, Živalske kužne bolezni in okolje

    Izvajalca: Milan Pogačnik, Peter Hostnik

    Permanentno in vseživljenjsko izobraževanje

    Delovna skupina za patologijo – Aktualna patologija v Republiki Sloveniji

    Vodja Delovne skupine: izr. prof. dr. Polona Juntes

  • Research

    Involvement in the Programme Group

    Researchers at IPSUV are included in the programme group (PS) P4-0092 (animal health, the environment and healthy food), as well as collaborating with other researchers in other programme groups of the VF (P4-0053 -Endocrine, immunological and enzymatic responses in healthy and sick animals).
    Within the PS P4-0092 group, the Institute participates in several research projects:
    The research programme ‘Determining the emergence of zoonotic diseases (emerging diseases) in animals. The prevalence and monitoring of pathogens of certain diseases transmitted by vectors (Programme Head: Olga Zorman Rojs).

    IPSUV has two research tasks:

        • Tumors of domestic and wild animals (Head : RN Polona Juntes),

        • Neuropathology of domestic and wild animals (Head: RN Polona Juntes).

    The research programme: Contamination of animal feed with fungi and mycotoxins and their influence on the immune status, reproduction and health state of animals (Programme Head : Breda Jakovac Strajn).
    Research Programme: Environmental problems and ecotoxicity of veterinary medicine and disinfectants (Programme Head: Vesna Cerkvenik Flajs).

    IPSUV research task:

        • Analitics and distribution of bisfenol A in the environment, in biological and forensic samples (Head: RN Vesna Cerkvenik Flajs).

    Research Projects

    2.1. Projects in which researchers from the Institute collaborate:

        • ‘Factors of Bacterial and Viral Infections of Mussels (CRP)’ (V4-1402). Project Head: Prof. Dr. Andrej Kirbiš. Duration: 1.7.2014 – 30.6.2016

    2.2. Completed projects which the Institute led or where researchers of the Institute collaborated (in the last five years):

    • ‘The use of medicine and pesticides in the medical care of animals in terms of protecting the environment (CRP)’ (V4-1105). Project Head: Prof. Dr. Silvestra Kobal. Project duration: 1.10 2011 – 30.9 2014
    • Project ‘Novel technologies for surveillance of emerging and re-emerging infections of wildlife’ (WildTech). 7 FW, KBBE-2007-1-1-05, Project No.222633 (Leaders of   Slovene Group: Prof. Dr. Polona Juntes).Project duration: 1.7.2009 – 30.6.2013
    • ‘Determining the connections between the bacteria Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Animals and Crohn’s Disease in Humans (core research project)’ (J4-0176 (C). Project Head: Senior Research Fellow Dr. Matjaž Ocepek. Project duration: 1.2.2008 – 30.1.2011
    • ‘Reservoirs and vectors, systems of preventing appearance and ways of spreading of Coxiella burnetii in animals (CRP)’. Project Head: Doc. Dr. Gorazd Vengušt. Project duration: 1.9.2008 – 31.8.2010.
    • ‘The impact of sustainable breeding of domestic and wild animals on the biodiversity of Karst grasslands and improving soil fertility (CRP)’. Project Head: Prof. Dr. Marjan Kosec. Project duration: 1.9.2008 – 31.8.2010.
    • ‘Project Network of Excellence – Neuroprion Associate; FOOD-CT-2004-506579, Associate Member, Neuroprion Cervids Group’ (Leaders of the Slovene Group: Prof. Dr. Polona Juntes). Project duration: 2005-2009.

    Vpetost v programsko skupino

    Researchers at IPSUV are included in the programme group (PS) P4-0092 (animal health, the environment and healthy food), as well as collaborating with other researchers in other programme groups of the VF (P4-0053 -Endocrine, immunological and enzymatic responses in healthy and sick animals).

    Within the PS P4-0092 group, the Institute participates in several research projects:

    Programme for Identifying Emerging Zoonotic Diseases (emerging diseases) in Animals.

    Razširjenost in spremljanje povzročiteljev nekaterih bolezni, ki se prenašajo z vektorji (Nosilka sklopa: Olga Zorman Rojs).IPSUV ima dve raziskovalni nalogi:
    • Tumorji domačih in divjih živali (nosilka RN Polona Juntes),
    • Nevropatologija domačih in divjih živali (nosilka RN Polona Juntes).

    Programski sklop Kontaminacija krme s plesnimi in mikotoksini ter njihov vpliv na imunski status, reprodukcijo in zdravstveno stanje živali (Nosilka sklopa: Breda Jakovac Strajn).

    Programski sklop Raziskave okoljske problematike in ekotoksičnosti veterinarskih zdravil in razkužil

    (nosilec sklopa: Milan Pogačnik).IPSUV ima dve raziskovalni nalogi:
    • Uporaba veterinarskih zdravil v ekstenzivnih proizvodnjah in dekontaminacija rej (nosilka RN Suzana Žižek ),
    • Izdelava ocene tveganja za okolje (nosilka RN Suzana Žižek).

    Research Projects

    2.1. Projects in which the Institute collaborates:

    • ‘The use of medicine and pesticides in the health care of animals in terms of protecting the environment (CRP)’ (V4-1105). Project Head: Prof. Dr. Silvestra Kobal. Project duration: 1.10. 2011 – 30.9.2014

    2.2. Completed projects which the Institute led or where researchers of the Institute collabored (in the last five years):

    • Projekt »Novel technologies for surveillance of emerging and re-emerging infections of wildlife (WildTech).  7 FW, KBBE-2007-1-1-05, št.projekta 222633 (Vodja slovenske skupine: prof. dr. Polona Juntes). Trajanje projekta: 1.7.2009 – 30.6.2013
    • »Ugotavljanje povezave med bakterijo Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis pri živalih in Crohnovo boleznijo pri ljudeh (temeljni raziskovalni projekt)« (J4-0176 (C). Nosilec projekta: viš. zn. sod. dr. Matjaž Ocepek. Trajanje: 1. 2. 2008 – 30. 1. 2011
    • »Rezervoarji in vektorji, sistemi preprečevanja pojava in načini širjenja Coxiella burnetii pri živalih (CRP)«. Nosilec projekta: doc. dr. Gorazd Vengušt. Trajanje: 1. 9. 2008 – 31. 8. 2010.
    • »Vpliv sonaravne reje domačih in divjih živali na biodiverziteto kraškega travinja in izboljšanje rodovitnosti tal (CRP)«. Nosilec projekta: prof. dr. Marjan Kosec. Trajanje: 1. 9. 2008 – 31. 8. 2010.
    • »Projekt Network of Exellence – Neuroprion Associate; FOOD-CT-2004-506579, Associate Member, Neuroprion Cervids Group (Vodja slovenske skupine: prof.dr. Polona Juntes). Trajanje: 2005-2009.

  • Professional Work of the Unit of Pathology

    Activities that are carried out at the Unit for Pathology IPSUV

    • dissections of domestic, wild, exotic and laboratory animals;
    • pathoanatomic inspections of organs or body parts;
    • production of paraffin blocks;
    • production of paraffin and frozen tissue slices;
    • staining with various staining methods, e.g. hematoxsylin in eozin, PAS, toluidine, staining with evidence of lipids, iron, copper, Gram staining and others;
    • pathohistological examinations of tissue samples and animal organs;
    • staining with various histochemical methods which are used in pathohistology;
    • immunohistochemical tests on paraffin and frozen tissue slices (e.g. basic immunohistochemicals markers for determining the origins of cells, tumor markers, proliferation markets, prions, some bacterial and viral pathogens of infectious diseases etc.);
    • staining and testing of cytological samples – smears of body fluids and tissue biopsies;
    • secondary investigations and opinions on already produced tissue slices and cell smears;
    • morphometry (image analysis) on the level of light microscopy or confocal microscopy – for research purposes;
    • other diagnostic, development, research and professional work for the requirements of external clients.

    Unit for Administrative and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Epidemiology and Economics IPSUV

    Doc. Dr. Mitja GOMBAČ, Dr. Vet. Med., Leader
    tel.: 01 47 79 149, 01 47 79 155
    mitja.gombac@vf.uni-lj.si

     
    Activities of the Unit for Administrative and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Epidemiology and Economics IPSUV:
    • Production of epidemiological studies and risk assessments in veterinary medicine;
    • Preparation of expert opinions in veterinary medicine;
    • Studies of legislation in the field of veterinary medicine and related fields, and preparation of proposals for legislation in these areas;
    • Forensic assessment of animal diseases;
    • Development of a variety of analytical methods for the determination of residues of medicines in the environment (metabolites and degradation products) for expert needs;
    • Forensic studies on degradation of residues for use in veterinary medicinal products in the faeces of treated animals and the environment;
    • The introduction of analytics bisphenol A and the study of its concentration, toxicity and effects on the food chain and the environment;
    • Eco-toxicological studies on test organisms living in the soil;
    • Assessment of the effects of residues of feed additives on the environment;
    • Preparation of environmental risk assessments in the use of medicinal products for veterinary use in accordance with the guidelines of the European Medicines Agency;
    • Development of analytical methods for the purpose of veterinary forensic toxicology;
    • Participation in the preparation of national and European documents regarding animals in experiments.

    Laboratory for Pathoanatomical Diagnostics
    Doc. Dr. Mitja Gombač, Dr. Vet. Med., Head
    tel. 01 47 79 149, 01 47 79 155
    mitja.gombac@vf.uni-lj.si

    Laboratory for Pathohistology
    Doc. Dr. Tanja Švara, Dr. Vet. Med., Head
    tel. 01 47 79 152, 01 47 79 155
    tanja.svara@vf.uni-lj.si


    Laboratory for Forensic Toxicology and Ecotoxicology

    Senior Advisor Dr. Vesna CERKVENIK FLAJS, Dipl. chem., Head
    Tel. 01 47 79 841, 01 47 79 155;
    vesna.cerkvenik.flajs@vf.uni-lj.si


    Laboratory for Pathology and TSE (LPTSE) National Veterinary Institute


    Laboratory for Pathology and TSE

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Polona JUNTES, Dr. Vet. Med., Head
    tel. 01 47 79 153, 01 47 79 155
    polona.juntes@vf.uni-lj.si


    Activities of the National Veterinary Institute which are carried out by the Laboratory for Pathology and TSE (LPTSE):
    • Pathomorphological (pathoanatomic, pathohistological) and some histochemical and immuniohistochemical diagnostic tests for determining infectious animal diseases and other animal diseases in;
    • Postmortems and other diagnostic tests of animal brains with clinical neurological symptoms;
    • Samples of extended spinal cords for rapid tests for diagnosis of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) in animals, e.g. for identifying BSE, scrapie, CWD, FSE;
    • Rapid postmortem investigations on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) in cattle, small cattle and other animal specials, using the rapid postmorten test method – Prionics – Check WESTERN (SOP 168), Enfer TSE (SOP 200) and Idexx HerdChek (SOP 177);
    • LPTSE as a National Referene Laboratory for TSE (NRL for TSE) performs confirmatory methods for the diagnosis of BSE and other animal TSE, as well as discriminatory tests to differentiate BSE and TSE in small ruminants; for the needs of NRL for TSE the Laboratory of Molecular Genetics is also involved, in which it performs genotyping, gene prion protein (PrP); all of the methods which are used for the diagnosis of BSE and TSE are carried out in accordance with European regulations (Regulation EC 999/2001, Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals OIE); methods have been validated and accredited, laboratory skills are verified by participating in inter-laboratory checks which are carried out by the European Community Reference Laboratory for TSE (EURL TSE, Weybridge, UK) as well as with internal and external audits.
    • Pathohistologic diagnosis of some parasitic diseases of bivalve molluscs (Marteiliosis and Bonamiosis);
    • Development work for the requirements of the country (e.g. the validation and introduction of new methods of diagnosis, epidemiological analysis on the basis of investigations carried out);
    • Participation in the preparation of policies and plans for an eventual outbreak of particularly dangerous infectious diseases, and other professional documents for the requirements of the country

  • Equipment at the IPSUV

    The Institute of Pathology, Administrative and Forensic Veterinary Medicine has the following equipment available:

    High Performance Liquid Chromatograph (HPLC) with fluorescence detector and DAD (diode array detector) Varian Prostar 363, Prostar 330 models (co-financed with funds from ARRS for the co-finance of research equipment)
    Using the High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with DAD, or fluorescence detector, it enables the determining of residues of veterinary medicines, pesticides, antioxidants and other organic compounds in the environment and in biological and forensic samples.
    Gas chromatograph GC Agilent Technologies 6890N with NPD detector for the analytics of residues of veterinary medicines, pesticides and other organic compounds in the environment, biological and forensic samples.
    Excelsior EC apparatus (Thermo Scientific-Shandon) is used for routine automatically ?prepajanje? of tissues in paraffin.
    Thermo Scientific apparatus, Micron EC 350-1 and 350-2 (Shandon) is a combined apparatus for routine irrigation of tissues in paraffin blocks.
    Sliding SM 2000 R microtome (Leica) and rotary microtome RM 2155 (Leica) is used for cutting paraffin tissue slices.
    Varistain 24-3 apparatus (Shandon) is used for automated staining of tissue slices with hematoxylin and eosin (HE).
    AutoSharp 5 apparatus (Shandon) is used for grinding microtomic and cryostatic knives
    Dako Autostainer (Dako) is an apparatus used for automated immunohistochemical staining.
    The Laboratory for Morphometrics is equipped with a Microphot FXA (Nikon) microscope, DS-U2 digital camera (Nikon) and the computer programme NIS-Elements BR (Nikon). This equipment enables the capturing and storing of images and a variety of basic analysis, e.g. measuring lengths, volumes, surfaces, counting etc.