Gabrče 30, 6224 Senožeče
tel.: +386 41 658 948 (Andrej Škibin)
Andrej Škibin, dr.vet.med, vodja centra email@example.com +386 41 658 948 Animal caretakers – technical workers Hasan Željko Hozdić Atif Silahić Hasan Jure Jančič, sirar
Center is included in Research Network of Infrastrucure Centers of University in Ljubljana (MRIC UL).
The responsible person for Veterinary Faculty: prof.dr. Nina Čebulj-Kadunc
Education, Research and Organic Production
The Centre for Sustainable Recultivation (CSR) Vremščica was established in the year 2000 at the Veterinary Faculty of the University of Ljubljana. At the unit activities are carried out in the context of education and research, and the centre is also known for its organic production of sheep’s milk and cheese. The centre is located in the south-west of Slovenia, in the Karst area, near the village of Divača on the Vremščica plateau.
The plateau is covered by meadows and pastures that stretch across a wide area 800-1000 m above sea level. The centre encompasses 386 hectares, which include 110 ha of meadows, where every year about 160 tonnes of hay is produced for winter feeding of sheep. The main reason for the centre’s location in the mountainous karst area was that, with the help of systems for sustainable recultivation and revitalisation where animals are used as a tool, the most appropriate solutions for the preservation of this very sensitive karst environment can be found.
The centre has 440 ewes and 22 rams of the Slovenian native breed Istrian pramenka, a small number of pigs also of the native Slovenian Krško-poljske breed, a few horses, and four donkeys, which protect the flock from attacks from wild animals (e.g. bear, wolf, lynx) who also dwell in this area.
The average annual production of the centre is 550 lambs and 37,000 litres of sheep’s milk, from which very tasty mountain sheep cheese is produced. Annually around 8,500 kg of cheese is produced.
The main objectives of the research work
CSR Vremščica also functions as an educational centre which conducts the practical training of students of veterinary medicine from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, and animal husbandry students from the Biotechnical Faculty. Every year the centre, within the framework of practical training, also hosts students of agri-food secondary schools.
The centre is a research ground for various national and international projects in the field of recultivation of abandoned karst areas using sustainable technologies for recultivation of the Karst, for example, the use of animals ‘as a tool’. Research is focused on the areas of agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, ecology, animal husbandry and ecotoxicology, while various models for sustainable farming are also studied.
The study of the interactions and relationships of the environment and animals in highly sensitive karst areas. Especially in areas that are overgrown with less quality trees and shrubs, as well as in areas that have degenerated due to wind and water erosion;
Developing extensive systems of sustainable recultivation and revitalisation of karst areas with the use of animals as ‘tools’ and consequently improvement of soil, restoration of degraded or abandoned land, and the improvement of the conditions of grazing and vegetation diversity;
Monitoring the health status of animals for the purpose of sustainable development of the Karst area
Arrangements of systems for controlled grazing using a temporary electric fence and the development of silvo-pastoral systems of land usage in areas with limited use, making use of different animal species (dominated by small ruminants, but also other species, for example, donkeys and pigs) which are native to the conditions of the Karst;
Study of the effects of feed additives on animal health and changes in the environment;
Ecotoxicology studies of veterinary medicine, which include determination of medicines in animal droppings, followed by decomposition of residues of medicinal products in the waste and soil under the influence of the environment, as well as determining the toxicity of certain organisms that inhabit and live in animal excrement and other waste and soil, which, at the same time, are important in the food chain and in the implementation of environmental risk assessment;
The ability for co-existence of wild and domestic animals in border areas between forests and pastures, especially near populated areas;
Other Current Projects
1. Monitoring the health status of the animals of three native breeds of sheep in Slovenia
2. Exclusion of the macrocyclic, lactone eprinomectin, in dairy sheep breeds – residues in milk and environmental research
3. Degradation of active antiparasite substances in faeces and soil in the feeding grounds of small ruminants in conditions of the Slovenian Karst
4. Safe storage and use of biodegradable organic waste which is generated in animal breeding
5. Binding (sinkhole) of carbon in the soils of the karst pasture
6. Options and models of use of overgrown karst and hilly land with grazing sheep and goats as a ‘tool’
Organic Products from Vremščica