For keeping a central register of equines, a single information system is used.
The information system allows:
• entries of basic data of equines (horses, donkeys, mules, zebras)
• keeping the register of equines,
• keeping herd books,
• inspection of stock according to various criteria (breeders, location, status, sex …)
• classification of breeding horses, according to estimates or results
• display of statistics,
• printouts of identity documents, certificate of labelling of equines and other equine zootechnic documents.
The information system will be developed in collaboration with SIR, DPO-VF and DPO-BF and PRO. It will be complemented with applications that will allow the calculation of levels of breeding in relatives, genetic values for each breed and statistical processing, which will enable monitoring of breeding progress.
An identification document is a basic zootechnical document. It is issued in a prescribed form in accordance with regulations.
In Slovenia, for the issuance of identification documents there are two authorised issuers:
For registered equines and equines for breeding and use: Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Institute for the Health Care of Equines, Cesta v Mestni log 47, 1000 Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
Contact: Dr. Matjaž Mesarič, Dr. Vet. Med.Tel.: +386 1 4779 384Faks: +386 1 4779 388E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For Lipizzan horses: Lipica Stud Farm 5, 6210 Sežana, SLOVENIA
Contact: Janez Rus MSc, Dr. Vet. Med.Tel .: +386 5 7391 712Faks: +386 5 7391 750E-mail: email@example.com
Owners or keeperss of equines must obtain identification documents for all equines (horses, donkeys, mules, zebras), that are bred, or for which they are responsible.
What is required?
As a rule, 28 days after the birth of the equine, or within 90 days before the expiry of the deadline for identifying the animal, the owner or keeper must register the foal by submitting a ‘Report of Foaling’, which is an integral part of the ‘Confirmation of Breeding of Mares’. In the event that the owner does not have this document, he/she may register the animal in writing by completing the form: vloga za oznacitev kopitarja.
The issuer will forward the registration to the inspectors so that a microchip can be inserted (transponder) and an identification record of the examination will be produced. Not later than 90 days after the receipt of the application, the equine will be entered into the central registry and an identification document will be issued.
Identification documents contain the following details:
Sections I and II
Verifying the identity of the animal
Sections V and VI
Evidence of vaccination
Laboratory diagnostic investigations
Validity of the document for the purposes of moving
Issuing of veterinary medicine
In Section IX the owner can, on the issuance of ID, decide that equine will never be intended for human consumption and confirm this by signing the record in the identification document and in Part II of Section IX ID when it is issued. It must be realised that this status is irreversible, and neither the current, nor any future, owners will be able to reverse the status of the equine animal to that of being intended for slaughter for human consumption. It will not be possible for such an equine animal to be taken to a slaughterhouse for slaughter for human consumption.
When the owner of the equine decides that the animal will be intended for human consumption, this is determined by the signing of the identification record, at the time of issue of ID, section IX is left blank (which means that the animals has a status of an equine which can be intended for human consumption). This is possible in the case where the equine was registered for labeling within the prescribed period and did not exceed the age of six months, otherwise the animal is not entitled to the status of an animal intended for human consumption. If the equine animal is defined as a slaughter animal, it, or any of the following owners, also has the possibility that at any time the status can be changed to being an animal which is not intended for slaughter for human consumption. This is done by completing the ID Part II of Section IX and signing it to notify the issuer of the ID.
If part II of Section IX is not complete, and therefore the equine animal is intended for human consumption, the veterinarian must record all operations of animals into the Diary of Veterinary Interventions; use of certain medicines must also be recorded in part III, Section IX, ID.
When a veterinarian treats an equine with certain medicines that contain substances which are not permitted for the treatment of equines intended for human consumption, it is mandatory that the veterinarian must, in part II of Section IX, mark the animal described as ‘not intended for human consumption’ and confirm this with his/her signature. The owner of the animal must provide data on the change of status of the equine animal to the issuer ID in Slovenia or, in the event that the issuer is in another Member State, the contact point (VF). In the event that the owner opts for such treatment, the equine is no longer suitable for slaughter for human consumption.
Finally, it is of course necessary to add that the equine animal will not necessarily be slaughtered for human consumption, even if it has the status of an animal intended for human consumption; this means that the owner, at the time when the animal becomes weak or is seriously injured, has the choice between slaughter or euthanasia.
If you have any questions regarding the slaughter of animals for human or equine therapy, these should be discussed with your veterinarian.
Registration of Foal
Twenty-eight days after the birth of the equine animal, or within 90 days before the expiration of the deadline for identifying the equine animal, the owner, or holder, of the foal must register the foals by submitting a ’Report of Foaling’, which is an integral part of the ‘Confirmation of Breeding Mares’.
In the event that the owner does not have this document, the equine animal may be declared in writing by filling in the form: vloga za oznacitev kopitarja. Foals born from 1st January to 30th June must be registered by 31st December in the year of birth. Foals born from 1st July to 31st December must be registered within six months from the date of birth.For owners or keeperss of equines who omit to register the animal for marking, there are prescribed sanctions. After the deadline for registrations, i.e. six months after the birth of the foal, the equine is not entitled to the status of an animal intended for human consumption. Nevertheless, it is still mandatory for such equines to be registered for marking.
- In the case that the foal is a cross, the issuer must forward the registration to a suitably qualified vet (inspector) usposobljenemu veterinarju (pregledniku), so that the equine can have a microchip inserted (transponder) and produce an identification record of the examination. Not later than 90 days after the receipt of the report of the marking, the issuer must enter the equine into the central registry of equines and issue an appropriate document.
- In each case, the breeding of foals is subject to the terms and rules laid down by the breeding programme. Breeders submit a ‘Report of Foaling’, which is an integral part of the ‘Confirmation of Breeding Mares’, within 28 days of the birth of the foal. Foals can be taken for record of identification and registration review to the relevant commission which will carry out the identification and registration of foals. For foals which have been registered within the prescribed period, but have not been brought for a registration examination naknadna registracija may be carried out.
- In both cases, after the completion of identification and registration of the foal on the basis of the report of the review, a certificate of equine labeling Potrdilo o označitvi kopitarja or identification document Identifikacijski dokument will be used (link na ID).
Regulations in the identification of equines have introduced mandatory micro-chipping for both foals and adult equines that have not yet been identified. On identification, all equines identified after 1 July 2009, have a microchip inserted (transponder).
Identification documents issued before 1 July 2009, in accordance with the then applicable regulations, remain in force. Therefore, it is not necessary to microchip such equines, nor is it necessary to apply for a new ID to be issued. However, should an owner wish his/her equine to be micro-chipped, this can of course be done.
The microchip (transponder) is the size of a grain of rice and contains fifteen number codes. The first three numbers specify the country code (Slovenia – 705) in which the equine animal had the chip inserted.
Prior to insertion of the chip inspectors are obliged to check if the equine has yet been micro-chipped. If an inspector find signs which indicate that a chip has been inserted, or that it has been removed, he/she must reject the equine for micro-chipping. In the event that through the code of the detected microchip the inspector can obtain information on the country from which the equine originated, it is necessary to obtain a document from this country. In cases where this is not possible, such equines are issued with a replacement identification document.
The chip (transponder) is inserted under aseptic conditions, subcutaneously in the left side of the neck, in the middle of the ridge in the area of vascular ties. The chip (transponder) may be inserted only usposobljen veterinar (preglednik)
Each inserted chip can be read by a scanner at a minimum distance of 12cm.
Exceptionally, instead of inserting a chip (transponder), an alternative method for marking is the use of a genetic test. It is used in cases when the owner of an animal, for generally accepted veterinary or ethological reasons, does not wish to use the microchip method of marking. The cost of replacement marking and, where appropriate, the costs of verifying the identity of the animal shall be borne by the owner.
Čip (transponder) s črtno kodo Preverjanje čipa Vstavitev čipa
Confirmation of Identity Marking of Equines
A confirmation of marking is a zootechnical document. It is issued in a prescribed form in accordance with regulations. It is intended exclusively for animals which, on reaching 12 months of age, are to be transported to a slaughterhouse in Slovenia directly from the farm where they were born. The owner of the equine animal, who is the holder of a confirmation of identity marking, must obtain an identification document for the equine when:
- the equine is sold for slaughter to a slaughterhouse in another country prior to reaching 12 months of age
- the equine is not transported to the slaughterhouse until the age of 12 months
The owner must submit an application for entry in the register of the equine which is an integral part of the confirmation of identity marking 30 days prior to movement, or up to 10 days after the date when the equine reaches the age of 12 months.
If the owner of an animal up to the age of 12 months does not transport it to the slaughterhouse or make a request for the issuance of an ID within the stated time limit, a duly qualified veterinarian (inspector) usposobljen veterinar (preglednik) must carry out identity checks on the animal and fill in the section for confirmation of identity marking.
Other Zootechnical Documents
Pedigree document for registration of foals
Pedigree document for recognition of stallions
Pedigree document for entering mares in the studbook
Transfer of Ownership
Equines without an identification document should not be bought.
When purchasing a horse:
- Accurately check its ID: inspect the description and outline of the equine and compare them with the outside of the animal.
- Equines which have a microchip inserted may be in the ID database even without a description or outline: in such animals the only option is to read the chip by which the equine is marked; chip scanners are held by appropriately qualified veterinarians (inspectors).
- Purchasers should pay special attention to section IX ID, which contains information regarding the use of drugs and the declaration of intention of use of the equine (whether the equine is intended for slaughter or for human consumption). If the equine is not intended for human consumption, the owner will not be able to submit it to a slaughterhouse for slaughter for human consumption. This status is irreversible and cannot be changed back to the status of an animal intended for human consumption.
- When purchasing animals it is highly recommended that the buyer and seller conclude a purchase contract which protects their interests. With this contract the new owner is able to prove ownership of the animal.
For change of ownership of equines:
Fill out the application form for a change in ownership vloga za spremembo lastništva, which must be signed by the seller and buyer. Send it along with an identification document to the issuer within 30 days after the change of ownership.
- If the issuer of the identification document is outside the Republic of Slovenia, and the change of ownership has not been registered abroad, the application for change of ownership vloga za spremembo lastništva and ID should be sent to our address naš naslov.
No later than 10 working days after receipt of the application with an identification document, the issuer can supplement this with information concerning the new owner and return it to him/her.
Frequent Questions and Answers
- An equine has died; What should I do?
On the death or euthanasia (putting to sleep) of an equine, owners must call the Veterinary Hygiene Department who are required to provide for the removal of the dead animal.
Upon removal the animal’s identification document should be given to the Veterinary Hygiene Department, or the document can be sent to the issuers together with an application for deregistration of an equine vloga za odjavo kopitarja.
- A horse has a ‘Confirmation of Identification ‘(PI); it is necessary to have it micro-chipped and obtain a new document
For equines that have a PI issued before 1 July 2009, the PI is a valid identity document. The primary document was issued for animals intended for slaughter. It is not necessary to microchip the equine, nor apply for the issue of a new ID. However, owners who have equines for further breeding, must send a ‘Confirmation of Identification’ (PI) to the issuer, which will replace the PI as the identification document.
- I would like to have a stallion, what should I do?
Our colleague Darko Platovnjak will be happy to answer your question. Additional information can be found in the sections ‘Breeding Stallions’ and Breeding Stations Plemenski žrebci and Pripustna postaja.
- When identifying my equine, the veterinarian discovered that it already has a microchip inserted: What should I do?
Whilst a detected chip will provide information on the equine’s country of origin, it is still necessary to obtain a document from that country. In cases where this is not possible, the issuer issues such equines with a replacement identification document.